STRES RODITELJSTVA I KVALITET BRIGE U PORODICAMA DECE SA SMETNJAMA U RAZVOJU

  • Ivana Mihić
  • Milana Rajić
  • Dijana Kopunović Torma

Сажетак

Cilj ovog istraživanja je bio da se ispita stres roditeljstva i kapaciteti za brigu u porodicama dece sa smetnjama u razvoju i razlike u odnosu na porodice iz opšte populacije, struktura povezanosti dimenzija stresa roditeljstva i kapaciteta za brigu u porodicama dece sa smetnjama u razvoju. Uzorak je činilo 75 parova roditelja dece sa smetnjama u razvoju i 127 parova roditelja dece tipičnog razvoja. Podaci su prikupljeni u predškolskim ustanovama u Vojvodini. Kao mera stresa roditeljstva korišćene su sledeće dimenzije Abidinovog Indeksa stresa roditeljstva: Socijalna izolacija, Osujećenje roditeljskom ulogom, Kompetencija, Podsticanje, Prihvatljivost i Zahtevnost. Kao mera kvaliteta brige roditelja korišćen je Upitnik o socioemocionalnoj posvećenosti roditelja. Dobijeni rezultati su ukazali na statistički značajne razlike između dve grupe porodica i to na dimenzijama Socijalna izolacija (F(1,381)=7.51, p<.01), Osujećenje roditeljskom ulogom (F(1,383)=5.14, p<.01), Prihvatljivost (F(1.382)=64.29, p<.01) i Zahtevnost (F(1,362)=42.53, p<.01) i na ukupnom skoru na Upitniku o socioemocionalnoj posvećenosti (F(1,383)=10.72, p<.01). Struktura povezanosti dimenzija stresa roditeljstva i socioemocionalne posvećenosti ukazala je na postojanje dva profila roditelja: (1) roditelj koji je pod visokim stresom roditeljstva u svim merenim domenima i ima najviše teškoća u prihvatanju deteta i uloge roditelja i (2) roditelj koji je pod visokim stresom koji proističe iz domena (ne)mogućnosti podsticanja deteta i (ne)prihvatljivosti deteta i ima narušene kapacitet za adekvatno reagovanje i naglašenu potrebu da stalno bude uz dete.

Биографије аутора

Ivana Mihić

Odsek za psihologiju
Filozofski fakultet
Univerzitet u Novom Sadu

Milana Rajić

Odsek za psihologiju
Filozofski fakultet
Univerzitet u Novom Sadu

Dijana Kopunović Torma

PU “Naša radost”, Subotica

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Објављено
23. 02. 2017.
Како цитирати
MIHIĆ, Ivana; RAJIĆ, Milana; KOPUNOVIĆ TORMA, Dijana. STRES RODITELJSTVA I KVALITET BRIGE U PORODICAMA DECE SA SMETNJAMA U RAZVOJU. Годишњак Филозофског факултета у Новом Саду, [S.l.], v. 41, n. 2, p. 247-268, feb. 2017. ISSN 2334-7236. Доступно на: <http://godisnjak.ff.uns.ac.rs/index.php/gff/article/view/1883>. Датум приступа: 20 oct. 2017 doi: https://doi.org/10.19090/gff.2016.2.247-268.
Bрој часописа
Секција
Психологија