Главни садржај чланка

Katerina Iliopoulou
Ioanna Kappa


This paper explores the asymmetry in the disordered (atypical) Greek L1 phonological productions of a child with Developmental Language Disorder (DLD) compared to the productions of two non-disordered (typical) children. The study focuses on the simplification patterns of reversed sonority consonantal sequences, namely [s/Fricative+Stop] and [s+Fricative]. The data show that, while the non-disordered children uniformly simplify reversed sonority sequences, reducing them to the less sonorous consonant, the child with DLD applies two different simplification patterns, resulting from constraints that disallow featural Markedness. We propose that the asymmetry attested in the reduction is due to the employment of two distinct grammars by the two groups of children. The typically developing children employ the, widely attested cross-linguistically, sonority-driven reduction. Meanwhile, the grammar of the child with DLD is not motivated by sonority, but rather, by a general avoidance for Markedness, retaining the unmarked [-continuant] Manner of Articulation in [s/Fricative+Stop] sequences, while favoring the consonant with unmarked Place of Articulation in [s+Fricative] sequences, where the Manner of Articulation of both segments is marked, i.e. [+continuant].



Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...

Детаљи чланка

Како цитирати
Bрој часописа
SinFonIJA 14 Special Issue


Baertsch, K. (2002). An Optimality Theoretic Approach to Syllable Structure: The Split Margin Hierarchy. Ph.D. Dissertation. Indiana University, Bloomington. DOI:

Barlow, J. A. - Dinnsen, D. A. (1998). Asymmetrical cluster development in a disordered system. Language Acquisition, 7, 1–49. DOI:

Barlow, J. A. (2001). The structure of /s/-clusters: evidence from a disordered system. Journal of Child Language, 28, 291–324. DOI:

Blevins, J. (1995). The syllable in phonological theory. In Goldsmith, J. (ed.) (1995). Handbook of phonological theory. London: Blackwell. 206–244. DOI:

Chin, S. B. - D. A. Dinnsen (1992). Consonant Clusters in Disordered Speech: Constraints and Correspondence Patterns. Journal of Child Language, 19, 259–285. DOI:

Clements, G. N. (1990). The role of the sonority cycle in core syllabification. In Kingston, J. - Beckman, M. (eds.) (1990). Papers in laboratory phonology I, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 283–333. DOI:

Demuth, K. (1995). Markedness and the Development of Prosodic Structure. In Beckman, J. (ed.) (1995). Proceedings of NELS: Papers from the Workshops on Language Acquisition and Language Change 25(2), Amherst: GLSA. 13–25.

Fikkert, P. (1994). On the acquisition of prosodic structure. Ph.D. Dissertation, HIL dissertations 6, Leiden University. The Hague: Holland Academic Graphics.

Gnanadesikan, A. (1996). Child Phonology in Optimality Theory: Ranking Markedness and Faithfulness Constraints. In Stringfellow, A. - Cahana-Amitay, D. - Hughes, E. & Zukowski, A. (eds.) (1996). Proceedings of the 20th annual Boston University Conference on Language Development. Sommerville, MA: Cascadilla Press. 237–248.

Giannakaki, K. (2020). Evaluation of perception and production of phonological structures in spontaneous speech of children with typical and atypical development: The case of two-member consonant clusters [in Greek]. M.A. Thesis, University of Crete.

Gierut, J. A. (1999). Syllable onsets: clusters and adjuncts in acquisition. Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research, 42, 708–726. DOI:

Goad, H. – Rose, Y. (2004). Input Elaboration, Head faithfulness and evidence for representation in the acquisition of left-edge clusters in West Germanic. In Kager, R.- Pater, J. & Zonneveld, W. (eds.) (2004). Constraints in phonological acquisition. Cambridge: C.U.P. 109–157. DOI:

Grunwell, P. (1985). Comment on the terms ‘phonetics’ and ‘phonology’ as applied in the investigation of speech disorders. British Journal of Disorders of Communication, 20(2), 165–170. DOI:

Jespersen, O. (1904). Lehrbuch der Phonetik. Leipzig and Berlin: Teubner.

Ingram, D. (1989a). First Language Acquisition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Ingram, D. (1989b). Phonological Disability in Children, 2nd ed., London: Cole and Whurr.

Kappa, I. (1995). Silbenphonologie im Deutschen und Neugriechischen. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Salzburg.

Kappa, I. (2002). On the acquisition of syllabic structure in Greek. Journal of Greek Linguistics, 3, 1–53. DOI:

Malikouti-Drachman, A. (1984). Syllables in Modern Greek. In Dressler, W. U. - Luschützky, H. - Pfeiffer, O. & Rennison, J. (eds.) (1984). Phonologica 1984. London: Cambridge University Press. 181–187.

McCarthy, J. - Prince, A. S. (1995). Faithfulness and reduplicative identity. Papers in Optimality Theory. 10.

Retrieved from

PAL [Panhellenic Association of Logopaedics] (2000). Anomilo 4. Screening test for speech and language disorders for 4-year-old children [in Greek]. Athens: Ellinika Grammata.

Paradis, C. - Prunet, J. F. (eds). (1991). Phonetics and phonology. The special status of coronals: internal and external evidence, vol. 2. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Prince, A. - Smolensky, P. (1993/2004). Optimality theory: constraint interaction in generative grammar. Oxford: Blackwell. DOI:

Rice, K. - Avery, P. (1993). Segmental complexity and the structure of inventories. Working Papers in Linguistics, Toronto. 12(2), 131–153.

Rice, K. (1994). Peripheral in consonants. Canadian Journal of Linguistics, 39, 191–216. DOI:

Sanoudaki, I. (2007). A CVCV model of consonant cluster acquisition: evidence from Greek. PhD Dissertation. University College London.

Sanoudaki, I. (2010). Towards a typology of word-initial consonant clusters: Evidence from the acquisition of Greek. Journal of Greek Linguistics, 10(1), 74–114. DOI:

Selkirk, E. (1984). On the major class features and syllable theory. In Aronoff, M. – Oehrle, R. (eds.) (1984). Language sound structure. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. 107–136.

Sievers, E. (1881). Grundzuge der Phonetik. Leipzig: Breitkopf und Hartel.

Smolensky, P. (1993). Harmony, markedness, and phonological activity. Handout to talk presented at Rutgers Optimality Workshop 1, 23 October 1993, New Brunswick, N. J. [ROA-87,]

Smolensky, P. (1996). On the Comprehension/Production Dilemma in Child Language. Linguistic Inquiry, 27, 720–731.

Steriade, D. (1982). Greek Prosodies and the nature of Syllabification. Ph.D. Dissertation. Cambridge Massachusetts: MIT.

Tzakosta, M. (2007). Positional and qualitative asymmetries of consonant clusters in Greek L1. In Agathopoulou, E. - Dimitrakopoulou, M. - Papadopoulou, D. (eds). (2007). Selected Papers: 17th International Symposium on Theoretical and Applied Linguistics. Thessaloniki: Monochromia. 64–74.

Tzakosta, M. (2009). Asymmetries in /s/ cluster production and their implications for language learning and language teaching. In Tsangalidis, A. (ed.) (2009). Selected Papers from the 18th International Symposium of Theoretical and Applied Linguistics (18 ISTAL). School of English, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. Thessaloniki: Monochromia. 365–373.

Tzakosta, M. - Vis, J. (2009a). Asymmetries of consonant clusters in perception and production: affricates vs. /s/ clusters. In Tsangalidis, A. (ed.) (2009). Selected Papers from the 18th International Symposium of Theoretical and Applied Linguistics (18 ISTAL). School of English, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. Thessaloniki: Monochromia. 375–384.

Tzakosta, M. - Vis, J. (2009b). Perception and production asymmetries in Greek: Evidence from the phonological representation of CC clusters in child and adult speech. Proceedings of the 29th Annual Meeting of Greek Linguistics. Thessaloniki: Faculty of Philosophy, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. Institute of Modern Greek Studies. 553–565.

Tzakosta, M. - Vis, J. (2009c). Phonological representations of consonant clusters: The case of affricates vs. ‘true’ clusters. In Giannakis, G.K. - Baltazani, M. – Xydopoulos, G.I. & Tsaggalidis, A. (eds.) (2009). E-proceedings of the 8th International Conference of Greek Linguistics (8ICGL). Department of Philology: University of Ioannina. 558–573.

Vaux, B. - Wolfe, A. (2009). The appendix. In Raimy, E. – Cairns, C. E. (eds.) (2009). Contemporary views on architecture and representation in phonology. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. 101–143. DOI: