THEÒS METAPHÉRŌN. METAFORIZIRAJUĆI BOG DOSLOVNE METAFORE, PARADIGME I DIJALEKTIČKI OBRAT METAFIZIKE KOD PLATONA

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Borislav Mikulić

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Kroz detaljniji uvodni prikaz Platonove upotrebe pojma paradigme i zamjenskih termina za pojam metafore u njegovim kasnijim dijalozima te Aristotelove kritike cjelokupnog “paradigmatskog govora” kod Platona, članak razrađuje argumente, koji nisu sadržani ili nisu dovoljno prepoznati u novijoj stručnoj literaturi, za gledište da se Platonova koncepcija paradigme ne može reducirati na staromodni metafizički model odnosa univerzalnog i partikularnog kakav mu se obično pripisuje. Umjesto toga, Platon nudi dinamički model unakrsnih dijalektičkih odnosa između rodova i vrsta, s jedne strane međusobno, i pojedinačnih stvari, s druge strane. Takav model djeluje heuristički produktivno u nekoliko teorijskih smjerova i cilja podjednako na koherenciju i na utemeljenje diskursa u cjelini. Rad dopunjava drugu srodnu studiju o upotrebi pojma paradigme u modernim i suvremenim filozofijama znanosti, iskušavajući u završnici primjenjivost Wittgensteinovog shvaćanja standarda kao “infalibilne paradigme” na nejasnoće oko Platonovog shvaćanja 'konačne paradigme' na metafizičkoj razini njegove teorije najviših principa i ideje Dobra. Rad je dio opsežnijeg istraživanja za knjigu o metaforama u diskursu filozofije i znanosti.

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Mikulić, B. . (2022). THEÒS METAPHÉRŌN. METAFORIZIRAJUĆI BOG: DOSLOVNE METAFORE, PARADIGME I DIJALEKTIČKI OBRAT METAFIZIKE KOD PLATONA. Годишњак Филозофског факултета у Новом Саду, 47(2), 15–39. https://doi.org/10.19090/gff.2022.2.15-39
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