POZITIVNOST ETNIČKIH STEREOTIPA PREMA ETNIČKIM MANJINAMA KOD UČENIKA OSNOVNIH I SREDNJIH ŠKOLA U VOJVODINI

  • Vladimir Mihić
  • Suzana Varga
  • Lana Surla
  • Marija Karan

Сажетак

Osnovni problem istraživanja je kako izgledaju stereotipi adolescenata prema pojedinim etničkim grupama koje žive na teritoriji Vojvodine, kao i kakva je direkcija tih stereotipa. Uzorak je činilo 804 učenika završnih razreda osnovnih škola i sva četiri razreda srednjih škola sa teritorije Vojvodine. Kao instrument za utvrđivanje stereotipa prema etničkim grupama koršćena je modifikovana verzija Kac-Brejlijevog postupka. Osim toga, procenjivana je i poređena pozitivnosti stereotipa prema različitim etničkim grupama. U istraživanju su ispitivani stereotipi prema pet etničkih grupa koje žive na teritoriji Vojvodine (Hrvati, Mađari, Romi, Albanci i Crnogorci). Rezultati pokazuju da postoje jasne stereotipne slike svih grupa, kao i da se pozitivnost stereotipa značajno razlikuje između njih. Najnegativnji stereotipi su utvrđeni prema Albancima i Romima, dok su stereotipi prema druge tri grupe pozitivniji. Utvrđene su razlike u pozitivnosti stereotipa u odnosu na pol (dečaci imaju negativnije stereotipe prema svim grupama, osim prema Crnogorcima gde nema razlike),  uzrast ispitanika (razlike postoje samo kod stereotipa prema Romima-mlađi ispitanici imaju negativnije stereotipe) i kod interakcije ove dve varijable (samo kod stereotipa prema Romima nema razlike u odnosu na pol kod učenika srednje škole). Obrazovanje roditelja nije se pokazalo kao relevantan faktor pozitivnosti stereotipa.

Биографије аутора

Vladimir Mihić

Odsek za psihologiju
Filozofski fakultet
Univerzitet u Novom Sadu

Suzana Varga

Odsek za psihologiju
Filozofski fakultet
Univerzitet u Novom Sadu

Lana Surla

Odsek za psihologiju
Filozofski fakultet
Univerzitet u Novom Sadu

Marija Karan

Odsek za psihologiju
Filozofski fakultet
Univerzitet u Novom Sadu

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Објављено
23. 02. 2017.
Како цитирати
MIHIĆ, Vladimir et al. POZITIVNOST ETNIČKIH STEREOTIPA PREMA ETNIČKIM MANJINAMA KOD UČENIKA OSNOVNIH I SREDNJIH ŠKOLA U VOJVODINI. Годишњак Филозофског факултета у Новом Саду, [S.l.], v. 41, n. 2, p. 305-322, feb. 2017. ISSN 2334-7236. Доступно на: <http://godisnjak.ff.uns.ac.rs/index.php/gff/article/view/1886>. Датум приступа: 22 nov. 2017 doi: https://doi.org/10.19090/gff.2016.2.305-322.
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