Bazične psihološke potrebe kod starih: sociodemogafski korelati

  • Jelica Petrović
  • Ilinka Jović
Кључне речи: stari, osnovne psihološke potrebe, teorija samodeterminacije, sociodemografski korelati, povezanost, kompetencija, autonomija

Сажетак

        Predmet ovog istraživanja je bio da se ispita povezanost osnovnih psiholoških potreba starih osoba sa različitim sociodemografskim varijablama. Osnovni ciljevi istraživanja usmereni su na ispitivanje povezanosti starosti, pola, nivoa obrazovanja, porodične strukture i bračnog statusa sa samodeterminacijom ispitanika u starosti.  

  Istraživanje je sprovedeno na teritoriji Vojvodine, u domovima penzionera u 3 veća grada u toku 2014/15. godine na uzorku od 219 starih osoba (od toga 74,6% je ženskog pola). Raspon uzrasta bio je od 62 do 92 godine, a prosečna starost isptanika i starosna medijana su identične i iznose 76 godina.

Tokom ovog istraživanja korišćena je Skala osnovnih psiholoških potreba (Deci & Ryan, 2004) koja ispituje 3 osnovne psihološke potrebe: autonomiju, kompetenciju i povezanost sa drugima. Dobijeni rezultati multivarijantne analize kovarijanse pokazuju da je povezanost potreba čije zadovoljenje opada sa starošću ispitanika, dok razlike po polu ispitanika nisu registrovane.  Rezultati takođe  ukazuju da postoji značajna razlika u izraženosti potrebe za kompetencijom kod ispitanika različitog stepena obrazovanja tako da ova potreba izraženija kod onih  koji imaju završenu  školu (osnovno ili srednje obrazovanje), u odnosu na nepotpunu osnovnu školu i ispitanike bez školske spreme. Porodični i bračni status su statistički značajno povezani sa potrebom za kompetencijom, u smislu da osobe koje žive same imaju niže rezultate na ovoj dimenziji.

 

Ključne reči: stari, osnovne psihološke potrebe, teorija  samodeterminacije, sociodemografski korelati, povezanost, kompetencija, autonomija       

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Објављено
15. 11. 2018.
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