PREDIKTORI STRATEGIJA REŠAVANJA KONFLIKATA SA VRŠNJACIMA U ADOLESCENCIJI: ŠTA SE KRIJE IZA PREFERIRANIH STRATEGIJA?

  • Jelica Petrovic
Кључне речи: adolescencija, strategije za rešavanje konflikata, emocionalna kompetencija, emocionalna kontrola, empatija, prepoznavanje emocija, razumevanje emocija

Сажетак

Vršnjački konflikti i način njihovog rešavanja zauzimaju centralno mesto u vršnjačkim odnosima adolescenata. Strategije koje se koriste za rešavanje konflikata značajno oblikuju odnose i ostvaruju važan uticaj na socijalno i emocionalno funkcionisanje adolescenta (Rinaldi&Cheong, 2020; Petrović, 2015).

                Predmet ovog istraživanja predstavlja ispitivanje značaja nekih emocionalnih kompetencija (emocionalnog razumevanja, empatije, emocionalne regulacije i prepoznavanju emocija) u predikciji različitih strategija. Uzorak u ovom istraživanju sastojao se od 350 ispitanika prosečnog uzrasta 12 godina, ujednačenog po polu.  U cilju ispitivanja značaja i učešća odabranih prediktorskih varijabli u predikciji strategija za rešavanje vršnjačkih konflikata primenjena je multivarijatna analiza kovarijanse (MANCOVA). 

                Rezultati pokazuju da  visoka emocionalna kontrola ima značajnu ulogu u svim strategijama, s tim da je kod agresivnih strategija ta veza negativna. Razumevanje emocija pokazalo se ključnim u strategijama usmerenim na rešavanje problema i asertivnim strategijama. Prepoznavanje emocija na osnovu facijalnih izraza pokazala se kao značajan prediktor jedino kod asertivnih strategija za rešavanje konflikata.Empatija se pokazala kao ključni prediktor strategija usmerenih na rešavanje problema, i strategija traženja socijalne podrške.

                Rezultati govore u prilog tezi da emocionalna kompetencija predstavlja važnu odrednicu strategija za rešavanje konflikata.

 

 

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04. 03. 2021.
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